top of page

Real entertainment 101 🤣🤣😂🤣😂😭

Public·2 members

Nocturnes: Chopin National Edition 5A, Vol. 5 (Series A: Works Published During Chopin's Lifetime


Nocturnes: Chopin National Edition 5A, Vol. 5 - A Review




If you are a fan of classical music, especially piano music, you have probably heard of or played some of the nocturnes by Frederic Chopin (1810-1849), one of the most famous and influential composers of the Romantic era. But do you know what a nocturne is, how it originated and evolved, and what makes Chopin's nocturnes so special and unique? Do you know what edition of Chopin's works is considered to be the most authentic and reliable, based on the latest scientific and musicological research? Do you know what this edition offers in terms of editorial and performance commentary, examples and illustrations, insights and tips, resources and references? If you are curious about these questions, then this article is for you. In this article, we will review one of the volumes of the Chopin National Edition, namely Nocturnes: Chopin National Edition 5A, Vol. 5 (Series A: Works Published During Chopin's Lifetime / Serie A: Utwory Wydane Za Zycia Chopina, 5), edited by Jan Ekier and published by PWM Edition. We will explore what this volume contains, how it is organized, and how it can help you to better understand, appreciate, and enjoy Chopin's nocturnes.




Nocturnes: Chopin National Edition 5A, Vol. 5 (Series A: Works Published During Chopin's Lifetime



What are nocturnes and why are they important?




A nocturne is a musical composition that is inspired by or evocative of the night. The term comes from the Latin word "nocturnus", meaning "of or belonging to the night". The nocturne genre emerged in the late 18th century as a form of keyboard music that was often played in salons or private concerts. The nocturne genre reached its peak of popularity and development in the early 19th century, thanks to the contributions of two composers: John Field (1782-1837) and Frederic Chopin.


The origin and evolution of the nocturne genre




The first composer who used the term "nocturne" to describe his piano pieces was John Field, an Irish-born pianist and composer who lived and worked mostly in Russia. Field composed 18 nocturnes between 1812 and 1836, which were published in various collections. Field's nocturnes were characterized by a simple and elegant melody in the right hand, accompanied by broken chords or arpeggios in the left hand, creating a harmonious and lyrical atmosphere. Field's nocturnes also featured a ternary form (A-B-A), with a contrasting middle section that often modulated to a different key. Field's nocturnes were very popular and influential, especially among the young Chopin, who admired Field's style and technique.


The characteristics and features of Chopin's nocturnes




Chopin composed 21 nocturnes between 1827 and 1846, which were published in eight opus numbers (Op. 9, 15, 27, 32, 37, 48, 55, 62) and two posthumous collections (Op. 72 and KK IVa/16). Chopin's nocturnes were influenced by Field's nocturnes, but also by other sources, such as the Italian opera, the Polish folk music, and the French salon music. Chopin's nocturnes were more complex and expressive than Field's nocturnes, both in terms of harmony and melody. Chopin's nocturnes also featured a wider range of forms, such as binary, ternary, rondo, variation, or free form. Chopin's nocturnes were characterized by a rich and varied melody in the right hand, often embellished with ornaments, trills, grace notes, or chromaticism. The left hand provided a harmonic and rhythmic support, sometimes using syncopation, cross-rhythms, or polyrhythms. The mood of Chopin's nocturnes was often melancholic, nostalgic, or passionate, reflecting his personal feelings and experiences. Chopin's nocturnes also contained a dramatic contrast between the calm and serene outer sections and the turbulent and agitated middle sections, creating a sense of tension and resolution.


The influence and legacy of Chopin's nocturnes




Chopin's nocturnes are widely regarded as the masterpieces of the genre and the epitome of his musical style. They have been praised by many critics and musicians for their beauty, originality, and depth. They have also inspired many composers who followed Chopin, such as Franz Liszt, Robert Schumann, Gabriel Faure, Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Benjamin Britten, Samuel Barber, and others. Chopin's nocturnes have also been performed and recorded by many pianists of different schools and traditions, such as Arthur Rubinstein, Vladimir Horowitz, Claudio Arrau, Alfred Cortot, Artur Schnabel, Dinu Lipatti, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Maurizio Pollini, Martha Argerich, Maria Joao Pires, and others. Chopin's nocturnes have also been adapted and arranged for other instruments or ensembles, such as violin, cello, guitar, flute, orchestra, or choir.


What is the Chopin National Edition and how is it different from other editions?




The Chopin National Edition is a project that aims to present Chopin's complete works in their authentic form, based on the entire body of available sources. The project was initiated in 1937 by the Polish Ministry of Culture and the Fryderyk Chopin Institute in Warsaw, and was resumed after World War II by Professor Jan Ekier (1913-2014), a distinguished pianist, composer, and musicologist. The project was completed in 2010, after more than 70 years of work, and resulted in 36 volumes of Chopin's works, divided into two series: Series A (Works Published During Chopin's Lifetime) and Series B (Works Published Posthumously). The Chopin National Edition is considered to be the most authoritative and reliable edition of Chopin's works, as it is based on the latest scientific and musicological research and uses the most advanced editorial methods and criteria.


The history and purpose of the Chopin National Edition




The idea of creating a national edition of Chopin's works was born in the 1930s, when Poland regained its independence after more than a century of partitions and oppression by foreign powers. The Polish government and cultural institutions wanted to celebrate and promote the national heritage and identity of Poland, and one of the most important symbols of this heritage and identity was Fryderyk Chopin, the greatest Polish composer and patriot. The project was also motivated by the fact that there was no satisfactory edition of Chopin's works available at that time. The existing editions were either incomplete, outdated, or inaccurate, as they were based on unreliable sources, such as faulty copies, corrupted editions, or dubious manuscripts. The methodology and criteria of the Chopin National Edition




The Chopin National Edition was based on sources originated from the composer, mainly autographs, copies of autographs and first editions with the composer's corrections, and pupils' copies with Chopin's annotations. In cases when original sources were lacking, the closest possible materials were used, such as sketches, drafts, letters, reports, or testimonies. The sources were analyzed with up-to-date scientific and musicological methodology, using techniques such as philology, paleography, codicology, source criticism, textual criticism, and genetic criticism. The sources were also compared and evaluated according to their chronological order, geographical origin, textual variants, editorial interventions, and musical quality. The Chopin National Edition followed the principle of respecting Chopin's intentions and preferences as much as possible, while also taking into account the historical context and the musical tradition of his time. The Chopin National Edition also followed the principle of transparency and accountability, by providing a detailed source commentary and a performance commentary for each volume, explaining the reasons and arguments for every editorial decision and suggestion.


The advantages and challenges of the Chopin National Edition




The Chopin National Edition has many advantages over other editions of Chopin's works. It offers a more complete and accurate picture of Chopin's musical output, as it includes all his works, both published and unpublished, both finished and unfinished. It also offers a more faithful and authentic representation of Chopin's musical style, as it preserves his original notation, expression marks, articulation marks, fingering marks, pedal marks, and ornaments. It also offers a more comprehensive and informative guidance for interpreting Chopin's works, as it provides a rich and varied commentary on the sources, the editorial process, the performance practice, and the musical analysis. However, the Chopin National Edition also faces some challenges and limitations. It is not a definitive or final edition of Chopin's works, as it is subject to revision and improvement in light of new discoveries or interpretations. It is also not a uniform or standardized edition of Chopin's works, as it reflects the diversity and complexity of his creative process and his musical legacy. It is also not a prescriptive or dogmatic edition of Chopin's works, as it does not impose or dictate a single or correct way of playing or understanding his works.


What does the volume 5A of the Chopin National Edition contain and how is it organized?




The volume 5A of the Chopin National Edition contains all the nocturnes that Chopin published during his lifetime, namely 18 nocturnes in eight opus numbers (Op. 9, 15, 27, 32, 37, 48, 55, 62). The volume 5A is organized according to the chronological order of publication of each opus number, rather than the chronological order of composition of each nocturne. The volume 5A also contains an introduction, a source commentary, a performance commentary, and a critical apparatus.


The contents and structure of the volume 5A




The volume 5A consists of 140 pages, divided into four main sections: the introduction, the score, the source commentary, and the performance commentary. The introduction provides an overview of the history and characteristics of the nocturne genre, as well as a brief biography and bibliography of Chopin. The score presents the musical text of each nocturne, based on the most reliable sources and following the editorial principles and criteria of the Chopin National Edition. The score also includes footnotes and appendices that indicate the variants, corrections, or additions found in other sources. The source commentary explains the origin, transmission, and evaluation of each source used for each nocturne, as well as the editorial decisions and interventions made for each nocturne. The performance commentary provides suggestions and tips for interpreting each nocturne, such as the realization of ornaments, the use of pedal, the application of harmonic legato, the choice of tempo, dynamics, rubato, etc.


The editorial and performance commentary of the volume 5A




The editorial and performance commentary of the volume 5A are very helpful and informative for anyone who wants to study or play Chopin's nocturnes. They offer a wealth of information and insights on various aspects of Chopin's music, such as his notation, expression, technique, style, and aesthetics. They also offer a critical and analytical perspective on the sources, the editions, and the interpretations of Chopin's music, highlighting the problems, the controversies, and the debates that surround his works. The editorial and performance commentary of the volume 5A are written in a clear and concise language, using musical examples, tables, and diagrams to illustrate the points. They are also bilingual, written in both Polish and English, making them accessible to a wider audience.


The examples and illustrations of the volume 5A




The volume 5A contains many examples and illustrations that enhance the understanding and appreciation of Chopin's nocturnes. For instance, the volume 5A includes a table that summarizes the main features of each nocturne, such as the key, the time signature, the tempo, the form, the length, and the date of composition. The volume 5A also includes a table that compares the different versions of each nocturne, such as the autograph, the first edition, and the Chopin National Edition. The volume 5A also includes musical examples that show the variants, corrections, or additions found in other sources for each nocturne. The volume 5A also includes musical examples that show the realization of ornaments for each nocturne. The volume 5A also includes musical examples that show the use of pedal for each nocturne. The volume 5A also includes musical examples that show the application of harmonic legato for each nocturne.


How can you benefit from reading and playing the volume 5A of the Chopin National Edition?




Reading and playing the volume 5A of the Chopin National Edition can bring you many benefits, both as a musician and as a listener. You can learn more about Chopin's life, works, and legacy, as well as about the history and development of the nocturne genre. You can also discover and appreciate the beauty, originality, and depth of Chopin's nocturnes, as well as their emotional, intimate, and programmatic qualities. You can also improve and refine your skills, technique, and style as a pianist, by following the editorial and performance commentary of the volume 5A. You can also enjoy and satisfy your musical taste, curiosity, and imagination, by experiencing the nocturnes of Chopin.


The insights and tips for interpreting Chopin's nocturnes




One of the benefits of reading and playing the volume 5A of the Chopin National Edition is that you can gain valuable insights and tips for interpreting Chopin's nocturnes. For example, you can learn how to play Chopin's ornaments correctly and expressively, by following his original notation and his own examples. You can also learn how to use Chopin's pedal markings effectively and appropriately, by taking into account his preferences and his pianos. You can also learn how to apply harmonic legato in Chopin's music, by using your fingers to create smooth connections between chords. You can also learn how to choose an adequate tempo for each nocturne, by considering Chopin's indications and his metronome marks. You can also learn how to balance dynamics, rubato, and expression in Chopin's music, by respecting his marks and his intentions.


The resources and references for further learning about Chopin's nocturnes




Another benefit of reading and playing the volume 5A of the Chopin National Edition is that you can access various resources and references for further learning about Chopin's nocturnes. For example, you can consult other volumes of the Chopin National Edition that contain other works by Chopin, such as his preludes, etudes, waltzes, mazurkas, polonaises, ballades, scherzos, impromptus, sonatas, concertos, etc. You can also consult other editions of Chopin's works that offer different perspectives or approaches to his music, such as the Urtext Editions (Henle Verlag), the Complete Works (Paderewski Edition), or the Critical Edition (Ekier/Chomiński). You can also consult other books or articles that provide more information or analysis on Chopin's life, works, or legacy, such as biographies, histories, criticisms, or studies. You can also consult other recordings or videos that feature different interpretations or performances of Chopin's nocturnes, such as those by famous pianists, teachers, or students.


The enjoyment and satisfaction of experiencing Chopin's nocturnes




and satisfy your musical taste, curiosity, and imagination, by experiencing Chopin's nocturnes. You can immerse yourself in the nocturnal atmosphere and mood that Chopin created with his music. You can explore the variety and diversity of Chopin's nocturnes, in terms of key, form, structure, length, and character. You can appreciate the subtlety and complexity of Chopin's harmony, melody, rhythm, and texture. You can express your own feelings and emotions through Chopin's music, by playing with your own touch, tone, color, and phrasing. You can also share your musical experience with others, by listening to or playing Chopin's nocturnes with your friends, family, or audience.


Conclusion




In conclusion, Nocturnes: Chopin National Edition 5A, Vol. 5 is a valuable and useful volume for anyone who loves or wants to learn more about Chopin's nocturnes. It contains all the nocturnes that Chopin published during his lifetime, edited according to the highest standards of authenticity and reliability. It also provides a comprehensive and informative commentary on the sources, the editorial process, the performance practice, and the musical analysis of each nocturne. It also offers many examples and illustrations that enhance the understanding and appreciation of Chopin's music. Reading and playing this volume can bring you many benefits, both as a musician and as a listener. You can learn more about Chopin's life, works, and legacy, as well as about the history and development of the nocturne genre. You can also discover and appreciate the beauty, originality, and depth of Chopin's nocturnes, as well as their emotional, intimate, and programmatic qualities. You can also improve and refine your skills, technique, and style as a pianist, by following the editorial and performance commentary of this volume. You can also enjoy and satisfy your musical taste, curiosity, and imagination, by experiencing the nocturnes of Chopin.


FAQs




What is a nocturne?




A nocturne is a musical composition that is inspired by or evocative of the night.


Who invented the nocturne genre?




The first composer who used the term "nocturne" to describe his piano pieces was John Field, an Irish-born pianist and composer who lived and worked mostly in Russia.


Who is the most famous composer of nocturnes?




The most famous composer of nocturnes is Frederic Chopin, a Polish-born pianist and composer who lived and worked mostly in France.


How many nocturnes did Chopin compose?




Chopin composed 21 nocturnes between 1827 and 1846, which were published in eight opus numbers (Op. 9, 15, 27, 32, 37, 48, 55, 62) and two posthumous collections (Op. 72 and KK IVa/16).


What is the Chopin National Edition?




The Chopin National Edition is a project that aims to present Chopin's complete works in their authentic form, based on the entire body of available sources. The project was initiated in 1937 by the Polish Ministry of Culture and the Fryderyk Chopin Institute in Warsaw, and was resumed after World War II by Professor Jan Ekier (1913-2014), a distinguished pianist, composer, and musicologist. The project was completed in 2010, after more than 70 years of work, and resulted in 36 volumes of Chopin's works, divided into two series: Series A (Works Published During Chopin's Lifetime) and Series B (Works Published Posthumously). 71b2f0854b


About

Welcome to the group! You can connect with other members, ge...
bottom of page